Monday, 11 January 2016

How to Treat Sprains and Strains - First Aid Training موچ

How to treat sprained ankle or موچ? Symptoms Sprains and Strains:

Strains and sprains are common injuries that affect the soft tissues around joints
A sprain is when a ligament has twisted or torn,

while a strain is when the muscle has been overstretched.

And a rupture is when a muscle or a tendon is completely torn.

Three symptoms:

There are three things you should look for:

pain and tenderness, difficulty moving,

swelling and bruising.

What you should do-First Aid:

 If someone has a sprain or strain

you should remember RICE, which stands for Rest,

Ice, Comfortable support and Elevation

If someone has a strain or sprain, help them to sit or lie down

and support their limb in a comfortable raised position.

To cool the area, apply a cold compress, like an ice pack, cold pad or frozen peas wrapped in a towel.

Leave the ice pack or cold pad in place or wrap a soft layer of padding, like cotton wool, around the area.

Then, tie a support bandage around the area to hold it in place.

This needs to go up as far as the next joint on each side.

Raise the injured area and support it with something soft like a cushion

or in this case you can use a sling.

If the pain is severe, or they can’t use their limb, they will need to go to hospital.

Otherwise just tell them to rest it and to seek a health care professional if necessary.

So remember,

when caring for someone with a sprain or strain

rest the affected area, ice will help cool the injury down,

give them comfortable support with bandages and padding,

keep the affected area elevated.

And that's how you treat sprains and strains.

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